LITUANUS
LITHUANIAN QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ARTS AND SCIENCES
 
Volume 18, No.2 - Summer 1972
Editors of this issue: Antanas Klimas, Ignas K. Skrupskelis, Thomas Remeikis
Copyright ę 1972 LITUANUS Foundation, Inc.
Lituanus

SOME REMARKS ABOUT JONAS KRUOPAS' 1947 EDITION OF
MARTYNAS MAŮVYDAS' CATECHISM OF 1547

GORDON B. FORD, JR.
Northwestern University

There appear to be at least 30 mistakes in Jonas Kruopas' 1947 edition of Ma■vydas' Catechism:

Kruopas Ford  Bezzenberger
p.  8 (95), line 9
p.  9 (96), line 2
p. 10 (97), line 11
p. 10 (97), line 17
p. 12 (99), line 3
p. 16 (103), line 3

p. 18 (105), line 12
p. 25 (112), line 20
p. 27 (114), line 3
p. 29 (116), line 2
p. 29 (116), line 4
p. 29 (116), line 4
p. 29 (116), line 11
p. 29 (116), line 20
p. 29 (116), line 20
p. 32 (119), line 16
p. 32 (119), line 23
p. 50 (137), line 18
p. 51 (138), line 15
p. 54 (141), line 7
p. 55 (142), line 9 
p. 55 (142), line 17
p. 55 (142), line 21
p. 56 (143), line 2
p. 56 (143), line 3
p. 61 (148), line 4 
p. 63 (150), line 8
p. 68 (155), line 1
p. 68 (155), line 2

p. 75 (162), line 6
p. 75 (162), line 8
p. 79 (166), line 9
Tapyr
diewa
likra
szia
vsztrukste
Anr enr inr
onr unr.
Diewu
valgitum-
iszle-
dvase
notversit
notverti
ir
nicze
Nenauies
Jai
ischpilds.
ischmintiei
kunu
schwentagij
nepleisk
schwenta
basznijczies
krikscziantu
Basznicze
kientencius
tarnaukiet
letuviskai
notas tos
giedati 
Chistus
Par
Atminkiet
Taipyr
dewa
tikra
czia
vptruksit
Anx enx inx
onx unx.
Diewa
walgitum-
ischle-
dwase
notwersit
notwerti
jr
niczie
Nenauias
Jei
ischpilde.
ischmintiei,
kŘnu,
schwŠntagij 
neapleisk
schwenta
ba▀niczies
kriksczianiu
Ba▀niczie
kientenczius
tarnaukiek
letuwiskai
notas tos
tur giedati
Christus
Per
Atminkiek
Taipyr
dewa
tikra
czia
vptruksit
Anx enx inx
onx unx. p. 
diewu
walgitum-
ischle-
dwase
notwersit
notwerti
jr
niczie
Nenauias
jei
ischpilde. 
ischmintiei,
kunu,
schwŠntagij
neapleisk
schwenta
ba▀niczies
kriksczianiu
ba▀niczie
kientenczius
tarnaukiek
letuwiskai
notas tos
tur giedati
Christus
per
Atminkiek

Diewa on page 18, line 12 of Gerullis' facsimile edition is not clear. What appears to be an a may actually be a u on account of an imperfection in the facsimile since Kruopas' facsimile shows a u. kŘnu on page 51, line 15 of Gerullis' edition is also not clear. It is possible that the dot above the u is merely an ink smudge in the facsimile since Kruopas' facsimile shows a simple u without the dot.

There appear to be two different readings for v▀truksit on page 12, line 3. Gerullis' edition seems to have v▀truksit, which is the reading of both Bezzenberger and Ford, but Kruopas' edition clearly shows v▀trukste. The reading v▀truksit is, however, strongly supported by the rhyme with pra▀udisit in line 4. Thus it is possible that Kruopas touched up the photograph wrongly in this case since we learn on page 84 of his edition that he followed Gerullis' 1922 photographic edition of the Catechism but that he attempted to make unclear letters distinct: "đis jubiliejinis Katekizmo leidimas parengtas fotografuotiniu bűdu pagal 1922 m. fotografuotinß Katekizmo leidimÓ. Tiktai dabar nufotografavus tekstas du kartus padidintas ir murk­linos raidŰs pary­kintos." ("This jubilee edition of the Catechism was prepared photographically according to the 1922 photographic edition of the Catechism. Only now after being photographed the text was enlarged to twice its original size and unclear letters were made distinct.").

REFERENCES

Bezzenberger, Adalbert. Litauische und Lettische Drucke des 16. Jahrhunderts. I. Der lituaische Katechismus vom Jahre 1547. G÷ttingen, 1874.
Ford, Gordon B., Jr. The Old Lithuanian Catechism of Martynas Ma■vydas (1547). Assen, The Netherlands, 1971.
Gerullis, Georg. Mosvid: Die ńltesten litauischen Sprachdenkmńler bis zum Jahre 1570. Heidelberg, 1923.
Kruopas, Jonas. Pirmoji lietuvi­ka knyga. Kaunas, 1947.

72_2_03.jpg
72_2_04.jpg

Gerullis

72_2_05.jpg
72_2_06.jpg

Kruopas

Tassai kasznam szmagui wenas gal padety
    Sweikata ir palaimi tassai gal pridoty.
Tassai Diews wysas szmanes nar didei mileti
    DÓgaus karaliste dawanai nar dawanati
Aithwars ir deiwes to nega¨ padariti
Beth ing peklas vgni weikiaus gal istumti
Pameskiet tas deiwes dewap didziap pristakiet
    SchitÓ maksla wisy liksmai preimkiet.
Tassai maxlas tur teisei ius ischmakity
Kaip dewa turit paszinti pregtam ir garbinti
Tassai maxlas roda likra kiely dewa sunausp
Musu ischganitaiap Jesausp Christausp.
SchitÓ sunu ir tewa tikrai paszisit
Jei tÓ maksla gierai makiesit ir permanisit.
B schito maksla szmanes regit kleidenczias
Jr deiwiu schimta (iei tatai nemasz) turinczias
    Asch szinau ir tatai drŠsu szia sakiti
Jag schimty szmaniu wena negaleczia atrasti
Kursai wena szadi dewa prisakima makietu
Jr pateriaus bendu szadziu atmintu
Jei klausy szmagu biau maki pateri bilaty
Prisakimus Diewa biau galetu at minti.
Veras kriksczianiu straipsczius ar gali skaitity
Ape duschas ischganima biau gali kÓ szinaty
Zatagamis tau szmagus tur aksakiti
Jag gieresnei atmen arty nent pateri bilati.
                                                        Dewa
Ragynkict szmanes to trumpa maxla ijschmakti
Bekurio platesnis makslas negal stawieti
Jei to trumpa maksla makiti vsztrukste
A weles iusu amszinai praszudisit.
To del kunigai ant aweliu susimilkietese.
Aschtra suda ir narsa dewa biakietese.
Be gieresni czia dewa zadziu szmanes makinti
Nent aschtra suda alba narsa dewa tureti.
Delto rÓkasn schitÓ maksla trumpa imkiet
Jr aweles iusu tu ma■u dewa maxlu penekiet
Pregtam platesnia maxla kiek denas laukiet
Jr ilgai dewa walio ant sweta giwenkiet
Diewa szadzia karschtei diena jr nakti eschkakiet
A mana darba vsz gier prymkiet.

Kruopas


10




15




20




25

[I0]



5




I0




I5




20




25


[II]


5




I0




I5




20




25

[I2]



5
Asch sakau iog taksai wisada tur kleidety
   Ir ape sweikata sawa netur neka ▀inaty.
Kursai nenaretu to maksla ▀inaty ir makiety
   Tasai am▀inasu tamsibesu tur buti.
Tadrin ius ▀mane▀ manesp prisiartynkiet
   Ir pagal to schwenta maksla giwenkiet.
Tamsibes senases nog iusu schalin atwarisit
Sunus dukteris nog iu ischgielbesit
Jei tÓ ma▀a kriksczianiu maksla makiesit
Ir pagal io ius patis sawe redisit.
Kaukus Szemepatis ir laukasargus pameskiet 
   Visas welnuwas deiwes apleiskiet.
Tos deiwes negal iums neka giera doty
   Bet tur wysus am▀inai prapuldinty.
Sweikata wisus diaktus1 nog to dewa turit,
   Kurio prisakimus czia manip regit.
Tasai dewas dÓgu ▀eme ▀adziu wenu sutuere
   Schytu budu ▀manes ir wisus daiktus padare
Tassai ka▀nam ▀magui wenas gal padety
   Sweikata ir palaimi tassai gal pridoty.
Tassai Diews wysas ▀manes nar didei mileti
   DÓgaus karaliste dawanai nar dawanati
Aithwars ir deiwes to nega¨ padariti
Beth ing peklas vgni weikiaus gal istumti
Pameskiet tas deiwes dewap didziap pristakiet
   SchitÓ maksla wisy liksmai preimkiet.
Tassai maxlas tur teisei ius ischmakity
Kaip dewa turit pa▀inti pregtam irgarbinti.2
Tassai maxlas roda tikra kiely dewa sunausp
Musu ischganitaiap Jesausp Christausp.
SchitÓ sunu ir tewa tikrai pa▀isit
Jei tÓ maksla gierai makiesit ir permanisit.
B3 schito maksla ▀manes regit kleidenczias
Ir deiwiu schimta (iei tatai nema▀) turinczias
Asch ▀inau ir tatai drŠsu czia sakiti
Jag schimty ▀maniu wena negaleczia atrasti
Kursai wena ▀adi dewa prisakima makietu
Ir pateriaus bendu4 ▀adziu atmintu
Jei klausy ▀magu biau maki pateri bilaty
Prisakimus Diewa biau galŰtu atminti.
Veras kriksczianiu straipsczius ar gali skaitity
Ape duschas ischganima biau gali kÓ ▀inaty 
Zatagamis tau ▀magus tur aksakiti5
Jag gieresnei atmen arty nent pateri bilati.
Dewa prisakimu bila asch nekada negirdeiau
Nei straipscziu weras kriksczianiu skaicziau.
Ba▀niczia nog deschimes6 metu nebuwau
Tektai su burtinikie ant burtas weizdedauau.
Begieresny su schwenta burtiuikie7 gaidi walgiti
Neig ba▀niczio schaukima ▀eku glausiti8
Ach panai klausikiet ir permanikiet
Balsus tus iusu ▀maniu ischgirskiet.
Tu duschas dews nog iusu nares turŰti
Kurias iums ig rÓkas dewe rediti.
Hei wespatis wisaky ant ▀maniu susimilkiet
Kunigump ▀ekump ▀manes tremkiet.
Kiek nedelias ba▀niczian waikscziati prisakikiet
Kunigus idant makitu ▀manes ragynkiet 
Plebanus kunigus wenu balsu praschiikiet
Idant ta maxla neslŰptu didei melskiet.
Jei kunigai tygietu tÓ maksla patis sakiti
Jus galŰsit hukiusu ▀manes makinti
Bet kunigu ira vredas ▀manes makiti
Bo ant to wisy ira apskyrty.
0 ius kunigai pagal iusu sena vreda
Makikiet ▀manes tatai wisas paklida.
Schitai turit trumpa maksla krikschianistes
Pagal buda senases ba▀niczias.
Skaitikiet ir dokiet ig rÓkas kiewaika9
Kaip ▀emaiczia ta ipir10 letuwynika.
Ragynkiet ▀manes to trumpa maxla ijschmakti
Bekurio platesnis makslas negal stawieti
Jei to trumpa maksla makiti v▀truksit
A weles11 iusu am▀inai pra▀udisit. 
To del kunigai ant aweliu susimilkietese

Ford

 

1 daiktus 
2 ir garbinti 
3 Be
4 ben du
5 atsakiti
6 deschimtes
7 burtinikie
8 klausiti
9 kiek waika 
10 taip ir 
11 Aweles