LITHUANIAN QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ARTS AND SCIENCES
Volume 32, No. 4 - Winter 1986
Editor of this issue: Antanas Dundzila
Copyright © 1986 LITUANUS Foundation, Inc.
SAMPLES OF LITHUANIAN UNDERGROUND PRESS DURING THE SECOND SOVIET OCCUPATION
PHOTO CAPTIONS AND TRANSLATIONS
BY SIGITA NAUJOKAITIS
The underground press continued its activities during the second Russian occupation from 1945 on, although casualties and extremely repressive measures took their toll. No longer typeset, these were mostly typed newsletter. Among the examples shown from the B. Kviklys archives (upper left hand column reading down):
Freedom's Bell, Nr. 123, September 15, 1947; iove the Fatherland, Nr. 4(9), 1947;
For the Land of Our Fathers!, Nr. 18(30), November 20, 1946, published by the Lithuanian Partisan N. Group Staff;
Bulletin, Nr. 4(5), June 1, 1948, of the General Democratic Resistance League's Foreign Delegation;
The Aukštaičiai Battle, Nr. 1(15), April 16, 1947; Freedom's Morning, Nr. 5, February 14, 1947;
The Battle, The Newspaper of Lithuanians Fighting in Occupied Lithuania, March 22, 1947, "For a free, independent, and democratic Lithuania";
In the Path of Battle, Nr. 4, 1946, "Lithuania for Lithuanians";
Freedom's Surveillant, Nr. 7(52), March 31, 1947, Organ of the Tauras District Lithuanian Freedom Fighters;
Freedom's Bell, Nr. 113, March 20, 1947;
The Partisan, Nr. 6(20), July 20, 1951, Organ of the Southern Lithuanian Region;
The Altar, Nr. 4, April 18, 1947.
The Battle, newspaper of Lithuanians fighting in occupied Lithuania, March 22, 1947. Article entitled "Lithuania Militants."
Railing against "Occupation. Slavery. Despotic tyranny," this is a cry of Lithuania in agony; its people decimated, its culture in ruins, those living condemned to hell on earth, their human rights trampled, democracy and justice damned.
The Partisan, Nr. 6(2), July 20, 1951. In an article of the same name, the authors extol the virtues and the necessity of patience. Eleven years of occupation had worn away the patience of some Lithuanians and they had given in to the enemy, becoming obedient servants of the occupier only to find that they had been betrayed and that freedom was not theirs. All fellow countrymen need endless patience in order to persevere: the "persecuted freedom fighter, the exhausted farmer, the impoverished city-dweller and the intellectual, the Lithuanian incarcerated in a forced labor camp" must learn to be patient because "never in world history has there been an example of 22 enslaved countries that had not regained their freedom." One must grit one's teeth in the face of adversity for "God will not abandon a just cause!"